Roger C. S. Lin et. al.
United States of America
There is an old joke about a Taiwanese gentleman living in the United States. He was talking to a group of American friends who were planning on vacationing in Asia, and trying to explain about the situation of Taiwan. He said if they wanted to get more information about Taiwan in the library, internet, travel fairs, etc. they should remember to use the full title of "Taiwan Republic of China."
The friends were somewhat puzzled by this, and asked: "Isn't the full name of China actually just People's Republic of China"?
The Taiwanese fellow thought for a moment, then said: "No, in Taiwan we just have the Republic of China, but there are no people."
Surprisingly, this joke provides a good introduction to the US Court of Appeals case of Roger Lin et. al. v. United States of America, which is commencing in Nov. 2008. As most people know, native Taiwanese people currently carry Republic of China passports and other identification documents. However, the basic rationale for this lawsuit is that (1) no international legal documents have ever recognized the transfer of Taiwan's sovereignty to the Republic of China, (2) neither the United States nor any other leading world nation recognizes the Republic of China as a sovereign state, hence (3) native Taiwanese people cannot be correctly classified as having "Republic of China nationality."